Rozpoznawanie, bilansowanie i ochrona wód podziemnych w celu ich racjonalnego wykorzystania przez społeczeństwo i gospodarkę
The Polish Hydrogeological Survey (PHS) was established based on the Water Law Act of 18 July 2001 (Journal of Laws No. 115 item 1229 as amended). The Water Law Act implements the provisions of EU Directives regulating matters connected with water management and protection of waters against hazards, including Directive 2000/60/EC establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy, Directive 2006/118/EC on the protection of groundwater against pollution and deterioration and Directive 91/676/EEC concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources. Pursuant to Article 102 para. 4 of the Water Law Act, the functions of the Polish Hydrogeological Survey are performed by the Polish Geological Institute – National Research Institute.
The Polish Hydrogeological Survey carries out the tasks of the state as regards studying, balancing and protecting groundwaters so that they can be rationally used by the society and the economy (article 102 para. 2). The mission of the PHS is to limit the degradation of groundwaters intended mainly for consumption and to strive for proper management of groundwaters, which are the main source of water for consumption for approx. 70% of Poland’s population. The systematic observations of the quantity and quality of groundwaters carried out by the PHS, the information gathered on the quantity and intake of groundwaters, the analyses and forecasts of their changes, as well as hydrogeological maps are the main source of the knowledge necessary to rationally administer and plan water management. Properly and efficiently performed tasks of the PHS help supply the society and the economy with adequate amount of quality water and at the same time ensure effective protection of groundwater resources. There are disposable freshwater resources in Poland of approx. 13.6 km3/year while the total groundwater intake ranges from 3.5 to 4.8 km3/year, which shows that Poland has quite considerable reserves.